Modified and new types of materials are gaining in importance for application in light-weight load-bearing structures subjected to demanding fire safety requirements. This is especially true for aerospace applications but also for all kind of passenger transportation systems such as ferries, liners, high-speed trains, subways etc. In the building industry cost effectiveness, reduced resource consumption and elegant appearance are recognized as relevant aspects to be considered in modern concepts. Accordingly, light-weight structures are catching the designers attention with regard to the already announced vision to double the height of Burj Khalifa in Dubai by the use of alternative building materials.
on-going interdisciplinary research activities as for instance the development of an intelligent